Biodiversity and ecosystem services

Arctic sea ice loss has substantial implications for biodiversity in the region, both directly by profoundly changing the nature of the habitat to more open ocean, and indirectly by amplifying regional warming.

Amazon dieback would lead to major impacts on biodiversity in the region, with large-scale replacement of rainforest tree species with other trees and grasses, and impacts on animals especially those that are adapted to closed canopy conditions rather than open environments (Hirota et al., 2021). Loss of ecosystem services would have major economic impacts, of magnitudes comparable with the current Gross Brazilian Amazon Product (Lapola et al., 2018).

Bezos Earth Fund University of Exeter logo
Earth Commission Systems Change Lab logo Systemiq logo
Global Tipping Points logo
Share this content